Local Employment in Tourist Attraction: A Community Perspective
Keywords:local employment, tourist attraction, community, The Lodge Maribaya
Participation of local communities is a criterion that is often agreed upon as an important condition for the development and sustainability of all forms of tourism. Local employment becomes one form of recruitment that tourist attractions often carry out. However, increasing local participation in tourism often creates friction between tourist attractions and residents. This research aims to explore local participation in The Lodge Maribaya, one of the popular tourist attractions in Bandung West Java, by investigating factors influencing the community's support for local employment in the area. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire from 59 employees who are locals in the area. The confirmatory factor analysis was utilized to test the construct validity and reliability of the model. At the same time, Partial Least Squares (PLS) modeling was employed to assess the relationship among the variables. This study has found that community attachment and perceived benefits play an important role in the community's support in The Lodge Maribaya in terms of their participation in local employment. The strong community attachments and the considerable benefits perceived by the community are cogitated to be the main factors in The Lodge Maribaya's success in employing local workers. By investigating this perspective, this study is expected to provide insights on how to increase local participation in employment and anticipate the aspect that may hinder the process
Adongo, R., Choe, J. Y., & Han, H. (2017). Tourism in Hoi An, Vietnam: Impacts, perceived benefits, community attachment and support for tourism development. International Journal of Tourism Sciences, 17(2), 86–106.
Bello, F. G., Carr, N., & Lovelock, B. (2016). Community participation framework for protected area-based tourism planning. Tourism Planning & Development, 13(4), 469–485.
Bello, F. G., Lovelock, B., & Carr, N. (2018). Enhancing community participation in tourism planning associated with protected areas in developing countries: Lessons from Malawi. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 18(3), 309–320.
Choi, H. C., & Murray, I. (2010). Resident attitudes toward sustainable community tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18(4), 575–594.
Dessler, G. (2003). Human Resource Management. Prentice Hall.
Fortanier, F., & van Wijk, J. (2010). Sustainable tourism industry development in sub-Saharan Africa: Consequences of foreign hotels for local employment. International Business Review, 19(2), 191–205.
Goodwin, H. (2002). Local community involvement in tourism around national parks: opportunities and constraints. Current Issues in Tourism, 5(3–4), 338–360.
Hair, J., Hollingsworth, C. L., Randolph, A. B., & Chong, A. Y. L. (2017). An updated and expanded assessment of PLS-SEM in information systems research. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 117(3), 442–458. https://doi.org/doi:10.1108/IMDS-04-2016-0130
Kusluvan, S., Kusluvan, Z., Ilhan, I., & Buyruk, L. (2010). The human dimension: A review of human resources management issues in the tourism and hospitality industry. Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, 51(2), 171–214. https://doi.org/10.1177/1938965510362871
Lekaota, L. (2018). Impacts of World heritage sites on local communities in the Indian Ocean Region. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, 7(3), 1–10.
Leonandri, D., & Rosmadi, M. L. N. (2018). The role of tourism village to increase local community income. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(4), 188–193.
Matarrita-Cascante, D., Stedman, R., & Luloff, A. E. (2010). Permanent and seasonal residents’ community attachment in natural amenity-rich areas: Exploring the contribution of landscape-related factors. Environment and Behavior, 42(2), 197–220.
Mondy & Noe, R. M, R. W. (2005). Human Resource Management. Pearson Education, Inc.
Nugroho, P., & Numata, S. (2020). Resident support of community-based tourism development: Evidence from Gunung Ciremai National Park, Indonesia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 0(0), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2020.1755675
Palinkas, L. A., Horwitz, S. M., Green, C. A., Wisdom, J. P., Duan, N., & Hoagwood, K. (2015). Purposeful Sampling for Qualitative Data Collection and Analysis in Mixed Method Implementation Research. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 42(5), 533–544. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-013-0528-y
Raina, A. K., & Agarwal, S. K. (2004). The essence of tourism development: dynamics, philosophy, and strategies. Sarup & Sons.
Ramos, A. D., & Jimènez, P. S. (2008). Tourism development: economics, management and strategy. Nova Science Pub.
Rue, L. W., & Byars, L. L. (2003). Management. McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Saarinen, J. (2019). Communities and sustainable tourism development: Community impacts and local benefit creation in tourism. In A research agenda for sustainable tourism. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2013). Research methods for business a skill building approach (6th ed.). John Wiley & Sons.
Shakeela, A., Ruhanen, L., & Breakey, N. (2011). The role of employment in the sustainable development paradigm—The local tourism labor market in small island developing states. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism, 10(4), 331–353.
Sharpley, R. (2014). Host perceptions of tourism: A review of the research. Tourism Management, 42, 37–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2013.10.007
Shuib, A., Mansor, W. S. W., Abdullah, M., & Emby, Z. (1994). The impact of tourism development on local employment. Malaysian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 11, 25–41.
Singh, S., Timothy, D. J., & Dowling, R. K. (2003). Tourism in destination communities. Cabi.
Smith, M. D., & Krannich, R. S. (2000). “Culture Clash’’’Revisited: Newcomer and Longer‐Term Residents’ Attitudes Toward Land Use, Development, and Environmental Issues in Rural Communities in the Rocky Mountain West.” Rural Sociology, 65(3), 396–421.
Sugiyono, P. D. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D . Indonesia: ALFABETA.
Thetsane, R. M. (2019). Local community participation in tourism development: The case of Katse Villages in Lesotho. Athens Journal of Tourism, 6(2), 123–140.
Valarie Zeithaml & Bitner, M. J. (2006). Service Marketing - Integrating Customer Focus Across The Firm. Mc Graw - Hill Inc.
Copyright (c) 2022 Amanda Rizka Rachim
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.