Special Interest Tourism Activities Planning in Cikawari Waterfall through Risk Analysis and Tourist Interest in Visiting


  • Wisi Wulandari Politeknik Pariwisata NHI Bandung
  • Airunisa Dwi Ramadani Politeknik Pariwisata NHI Bandung
  • Anisa Destya Putri Politeknik Pariwisata NHI Bandung
  • Haya Khairunnisa Politeknik Pariwisata NHI Bandung
  • Heydi Rizkiah Shofina Politeknik Pariwisata NHI Bandung
  • Mochamad Triaji Prasetio Politeknik Pariwisata NHI Bandung




Tourism Activities, Special Interest Tourism, Risk, Tourist Interest


Every activity at a tourist attraction will have risks. This is no exception for special interest tourism, which has a higher risk than other tourism activities. From the perspective of tourists, they tend to avoid destinations with high potential risks, which also affects their decisions. Cikawari Waterfall is one of the natural tourist attractions in the West Bandung Regency area. Planning for tourism activities at these attractions requires further assessment of the planned provision of special interest activities and facilities (rafting). This study aims to determine the feasibility of the special interest tourism plan by considering the safety risks in tourist attractions and the interest of tourists in visiting. This study uses mixed research methods (qualitative and quantitative) with a purposive sampling technique. This study involved interviews with three key tourism managers and a survey of 118 tourists who visited Cikawari Waterfall. The results showed that tourists consider the risk aspect when visiting. The qualitative and quantitative studies also show that Cikawari Waterfall is considered safe enough against the risk of accidents to visit because there are not many rocks, and the current is not too heavy. The location is easily accessible, so tourists are highly interested in visiting Cikawari Waterfall. In addition, the coordination built in the application of crisis management by the two managers strengthens the position of Cikawari Waterfall to be visited so that tourists do not need to feel anxious when visiting.


Arbulú, I., Razumova, M., Rey-Maquieira, J., & Sastre, F. (2021). Measuring risks and vulnerability of tourism to the COVID-19 crisis in the context of extreme uncertainty: The case of the Balearic Islands. Tourism Management Perspectives, 39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2021.100857

Bayih, B. E., & Singh, A. (2020). Modeling domestic tourism: motivations, satisfaction, and tourist behavioral intentions. Heliyon, 6(9). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04839

Boluk, K. A., Cavaliere, C. T., & Higgins-Desbiolles, F. (2019). A critical framework for interrogating the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 2030 Agenda in tourism. In Journal of Sustainable Tourism (Vol. 27, Issue 7, pp. 847–864). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2019.1619748

Camilleri, M. A. (2019). Tourism planning and destination marketing. Emerald Publishing Bingley.

Costa, C. (2019). Tourism planning: a perspective paper. Tourism Review.

Creswell, J. W., Hanson, W. E., Plano, V. L. C., & Morales, A. (2007). Qualitative research designs: Selection and implementation. The Counseling Psychologist, 35(2), 236–264.

Glowka, G., & Zehrer, A. (2019). Tourism family-business owners' risk perception: Its impact on destination development. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(24). https://doi.org/10.3390/su11246992

Goffi, G., Cucculelli, M., & Masiero, L. (2019). Fostering tourism destination competitiveness in developing countries: The role of sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production, 209, 101–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.208

Guest, G., MacQueen, K., & Namey, E. (2014). Applied Thematic Analysis. In Applied Thematic Analysis. SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781483384436

Khasawneh, M. S., & Alfandi, A. M. (2019). Determining behavior intentions from the overall destination image and risk perception. Tourism and Hospitality Management, 25(2), 355–375. https://doi.org/10.20867/thm.25.2.6

Kumar, J., & Garg, A. (2017). The Impact of Risk Perception and Factors on Tourists Decision Making for Choosing the Destination Uttarakhand/India. Ottoman Journal of Tourism and Management Research, 2(2), 144–160. https://doi.org/10.26465/ojtmr.2017229490

McKercher, B., & Chan, A. (2005). How special is special interest tourism? Journal of Travel Research, 44(1), 21–31. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287505276588

McLoughlin, E., & Hanrahan, J. (2019). Local authority sustainable planning for tourism: lessons from Ireland. Tourism Review, 74(3), 327–348. https://doi.org/10.1108/TR-12-2017-0198

Moleong, L. J. (2012). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif, Bandung. Pariwisata Pedesaan Sebagai Alternatif Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (Laporan Penelitian Hibah Bersaing Perguruan Tinggi) Yogyakarta.

Nasution, S. (2009). Metode Research (penelitian ilmiah).

Nazir, M. U., Yasin, I., & Tat, H. H. (2021). Destination image's mediating role between perceived risks, perceived constraints, and behavioral intention. Heliyon, 7(7). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07613

Nguyen-Phuoc, D. Q., Oviedo-Trespalacios, O., Nguyen, T., & Su, D. N. (2020). The effects of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors on risky riding behaviors – A study on app-based motorcycle taxi riders in Vietnam. Journal of Transport & Health, 16, 100666. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2019.100666

Palinkas, L. A., Horwitz, S. M., Green, C. A., Wisdom, J. P., Duan, N., & Hoagwood, K. (2015). Purposeful Sampling for Qualitative Data Collection and Analysis in Mixed Method Implementation Research. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 42(5), 533–544. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-013-0528-y

Promsivapallop, P., & Kannaovakun, P. (2018). Travel risk dimensions, personal-related factors, and intention to visit a destination: a study of young educated German adults. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 23(7), 639–655.

Rahmafitria, F., Pearce, P. L., Oktadiana, H., & Putro, H. P. H. (2020). Tourism planning and planning theory: Historical roots and contemporary alignment. Tourism Management Perspectives, 35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2020.100703

Roehl, W. S., & Fesenmaier, D. R. (1992). Risk perceptions and pleasure travel: An exploratory analysis. Journal of Travel Research, 30(4), 17–26.

Stuckey, H. L. (2013). Three types of interviews: Qualitative research methods in social health. Journal of Social Health and Diabetes, 1(02), 56–59.

Sugiyono, P. D. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D . Indonesia: ALFABETA.

Tavitiyaman, P., & Qu, H. (2013). Destination image and behavior intention of travelers to Thailand: The moderating effect of perceived risk. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 30(3), 169–185.

Trauer, B. (2006). Conceptualizing special interest tourism - Frameworks for analysis. Tourism Management, 27(2), 183–200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2004.10.004

Yang, E. C. L., & Nair, V. (2014). Tourism at Risk: A Review of Risk and Perceived Risk in Tourism. Asia-Pacific Journal of Innovation in Hospitality and Tourism (APJIHT), 3(2). https://doi.org/10.7603/s40930-014-0013-z

Yang, E. C. L., Sharif, S. P., & Khoo-Lattimore, C. (2015). Tourists' risk perception of risky destinations: The case of Sabah's eastern coast. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 15(3), 206–221. https://doi.org/10.1177/1467358415576085